Obtaining written informed consent from a potential participant is more than just a signature on a form.
- The consent
document is to be used as a guide for the verbal explanation of the study.
- The consent
document should be the basis for a meaningful exchange between the
researcher and the participant.
participant's signature provides documentation of agreement to participate
in a study, but is only one part of the consent process.
- The consent
document must not serve as a substitute for discussion.
See HRPP Policy Manual Ch 12 Informed Consent and Assent for policy on the consent process, waivers, consent of vulnerable populations, assent, etc.
entire informed consent process involves giving a participant adequate
information concerning the study, providing adequate opportunity for the
participant to consider all options, responding to the participant's questions,
ensuring that the participant has comprehended this information, obtaining the
participant's voluntary agreement to participate, and continuing to provide
information as the participant or situation requires. To be effective, the
process should provide ample opportunity for the researcher and the participant
to exchange information and ask questions.
Documenting Consent: Written, signed consent should
be sought unless there are compelling reasons to seek an alteration or
waiver of consent or waiver of documentation (e.g., signature). See:
Surrogate Decision Makers: When
participants who lack the capacity to consent are included as research participants, federal human
subjects regulations require that consent for research be obtained from the
subject’s “legally authorized representative” (see Research Surrogate Decision Makers).
Parental Permission: When children are included as
research subjects, in most circumstances parental permission must be obtained
(see Parental Permission (pdf) and IRB
Guidance For Investigators on Consent for Protocols
Involving Children and Consenting Minors).
Translating the Consent Document: When research is being conducted in a language other than English, it is important that consent forms be translated accurately. Procedures for ensuring accurate translation should be described. For further information contact:
- Translation Services at Stanford Hospital and Clinics at (650) 721-7457
- Interpreter Services at Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital at (650) 497-8371
To contact or schedule an interpreter: Call (650) 723-6940, page (24/7) 17726, or email interpreterservicesSHC@stanfordmed.org.
See Short Form Consent Process page for translated short form consent templates.
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Bing Nursery School Studies
The Bing Nursery School was constructed as a laboratory school in 1966 with a grant from the National Science Foundation and a gift from Dr. Peter S. Bing and his mother, Mrs. Anna Bing Arnold. The purpose of the school is to provide a laboratory where undergraduates at Stanford can learn first-hand about child development and where faculty members and graduate students can conduct research in child development.
Each individual study posted on the school Study Board is reviewed and approved separately by the IRB, but parental permission is obtained from parents at the beginning of each school year, allowing their child to participate in research studies conducted at the school. Parents can choose to have their child 'opt-out' of individual studies.
Psychology Pool and Q-Day
Once a year, on Questionnaire Day (Q-Day), students in the Psychology Department Subject Pool are asked to complete a packet of pre-selection forms and surveys. Students tell the Pool about themselves and their preferences, noting information such as gender, age, handedness, or political affliation and beliefs. Researchers may then recruit participants based on these demographics. Students enrolled in psychology classes sign up to participate in a variety of minimal risk studies, either for classroom credit or for payment. Each study is separately approved by the IRB.
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