Section revised: 01/12/2016
Stanford University, Stanford Hospitals and Clinics (SHC) and
Lucile Packard ChildrenŐs Hospital (LPCH)
For sponsored research, Stanford University establishes the
importance of disseminating research findings as one of its most important
policies through its policy Openness in Research. See Research Policy Handbook RPH
in Research, which provides, in part: ŇThat the principle of openness in
research – the principle of freedom of access by all interested persons
to the underlying data, to the processes, and to the final results of research
– is one of overriding importance.Ó
The Principal Investigator Responsibilities
at Stanford University tutorial (ŇPIshipÓ) also address the principle of openness in research.
Stanford University requires that provisions for fair and reasonable ownership of data and research results be included in its sponsored research agreements and has a process that allows investigators to place their inventions in the public domain if that would be in the best interest of technology transfer and if doing so is not in violation of the terms of any agreements that supported or governed the work. See Research Policy Handbook RPH 9.1 Inventions, Patents and Licensing.
In all sponsored research, Stanford University requires the dissemination of research results in a manner consistent with the above-referenced policy Openness in Research. A Project Checklist is used to implement this policy when reviewing research proposals, solicitations, award notices, non-disclosure agreements, and any other document related to sponsored research. This checklist is referred to from RPH 1.4 Openness in Research and from the PIship tutorial.
Stanford University implements this policy in agreements concerning sponsored research by:
á Including in its standard contract templates a provision that provides the investigator with a right to publish the research results. See Stanford University template (Publication Section) and Stanford University template (Section 11).
á Revising any provision in any proposed contract that limits an investigatorŐs right to publish research results in a manner that is inconsistent with the Policy on Openness in Research
á In grants: Including in the cover letter accepting and acknowledging the grant a statement of the applicability of the Policy on Openness in Research.
Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System (VAPAHCS) and
Palo Alto Veterans Institute for Research (PAVIR)
For VA research and PAVIR sponsored research, VAPAHCS has policies that formally state that presentation of research results to the scientific community is an essential part of its research programs and that investigators are encouraged to publish and present the results from sponsored research at scientific and medical conferences.
á VHA Handbook 1200.19, Presentation Of Research Results Handbook
Additionally, the VA retains ownership of all research data and results obtained from the use of resources provided by the VA as a result of conducting the research pursuant to federal law (35 USC 102 & 200-212, 37 CFR 501, and 38 CFR 1.650-1.663).
PAVIR abides by the above-described policies of the VA for its sponsored research at VAPAHCS, and also addresses the dissemination of research results by:
á Including in its standard contract template a provision that states that (a) PAVIR or any investigator may freely publish and disseminate the results of a clinical trial and (b) that the authorship and contents (including scientific conclusions and professional judgments) of any paper submitted shall be determined by PAVIR. See VA Cooperative Research And Development Agreement (CRADA) template (section 7.3 Presentations and Publications) template.
á Revising any provision in any proposed contract that limits an investigatorŐs right to publish research results in a manner that is inconsistent with its standard provision.
Section revised: 01/12/2016
When the IRB learns of events that could affect participant welfare after a study has closed (e.g., a drug studied at Stanford is withdrawn by the FDA), the IRB seeks information, deliberates, and considers whether (and how) to contact participants who might be affected. Even when the study is not yet closed, but participants have completed participation, the IRB informs former participants when information is learned that could affect their welfare.
For sponsored research, Stanford University and PAVIR address communication with sponsors regarding the impact of research results on participant health and safety by:
á Including in their standard contract templates a provision that the sponsor will develop a plan of communication with the Protocol Director that is acceptable to the IRB when new findings or results of the protocol might impact the willingness of subjects to continue to participate in the protocol or directly affect their current or future safety or medical care, or by asking for the inclusion of such a provision in any proposed contract that does not use their standard template..
á Stanford University template (Human Research Protection Program section))
á Stanford University template (Section 17)
á VA Cooperative Research And Development Agreement (CRADA) template (section 7.3 Presentations and Publications